Its headquarters are located in Leiden, Netherlands and its name comes from the Bilderberg Hotel in Oosterbeek, Netherlands, where the first meeting of this privileged club of potentates took place in 1954. The idea came from a Polish political advisor named Jozef Retinger, who decided to establish a group between the United States and Europe that opposed the Soviet Union and communism.
The banker David Rockefeller financed the first meeting, whose success encouraged the organizers to convene annually. The club is made up of Western heads of government and state, members of royal houses, financiers, bankers, big businesses, owners of the major media and influential politicians, people like Henry Kissinger, Rupert Murdoch, former US Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld, Russian President Vladimir Putin, former World Bank President Paul Wolfowitz, members of the Rockefeller family, the Ford family, the Krupp family, Rothschild and other major corporations and corporations in the United States and Europe.
Among its detractors is the John Birch Society, an ultra-conservative and anti-communist American group. This society maintains the hypothesis that President Franklin D. Roosevelt knew beforehand that Japan was going to attack the American fleet at Pearl Harbor and did nothing about it, so that they could declare war on Japan and thus avoid the rejection of American public opinion of their country’s participation in World War II.